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Unique Line of Swine Vitamin Mineral Supplements and Specialized Feed Additives
The advanced genetic development of pig production has resulted in higher productivity, including higher weight gain, better feed to gain ratio, and more piglets weaned per sow per year. Supplementation of feed with minerals, vitamins, and essential amino acids to meet the requirements of pigs is an important practice to improve productivity and health of swine. ISF has formulated a complete line of supplemental premixes designed to provide Vitamins A, D, E, K, major and trace minerals, B-Vitamins, and essential amino acids formulated to produce feed for sows, pig starters, growers, developers, and finishers. Natural herbs and spices flavouring has been included in all ISF products with the name Herbageum to help improve palatability of feed. Natural probiotics are also added to help improve intestinal health and help improve productivity.
|ISF Sow Specific||ISF Sow Specific supplemental premix is designed to supply all the minerals, vitamins and essential amino acids that sows require both in gestation and in lactation. Sows require special feeds for the best reproductive performance, and ISF Sow Specific will deliver all the nutrients to help to maintain the well being of the sow. Sows are the foundation of any swine farm and sow nutrition is key to that success.|
|ISF Sow Booster||ISF Sow Booster is designed to boost ISF Hog Specific complete ration with the nutrients needed to provide the same nutrients as ISF Sow Specific complete ration would provide. This product allows the flexibility for producers to receive bulk ISF Hog Specific supplement (where available) and boost the ration with bagged ISF Specific Sow Booster thereby handling fewer bags. Typically, larger farrow to finish farms would prefer this option if available in their area.|
|ISF Piglet Specific|
300, 150, 50
|ISF Piglet Specific supplemental premixes are very complex formulas designed to feed baby piglets from the day of weaning until they leave the baby piglet nursery to go to the finisher barn. Only the most highly digestible sources of protein and carbohydrates including milk products and probiotics are selected for these very important baby formulas. Choosing which combination of ISF Piglet Specific supplements to use will be based on the age and the weight of the piglets at weaning.|
|ISF Hog Specific||ISF Hog Specific supplement is ideal to formulate feed for growing, developing and finishing pigs. The excellent balance of minerals, vitamins, and essential amino acids of feed formulated with ISF Hog Specific make it the best choice to reach the productivity goals in a piggery.|
|ISF Swine Performance Pak||ISF Swine Performance Pak can be used to boost ISF Hog Specific complete ration with the nutrients needed to provide the same nutrients as ISF Piglet Specific 50 complete ration would provide. Some producers like this flexibility. ISF Swine Performance Pak can also be added to enhance ISF Hog Specific complete ration for growers, developers and finishers, to help maximize performance especially when lower intakes occur.|
ISF Vitamin/Mineral Supplements can also be combined with other ISF Specialty Products. The possibility of combinations is almost unlimited. There are some examples below.
|ISF Yeastpro is enriched with Vitamin E, Niacin, Organic Zinc, flavors and probiotics, and is ideal for lactating sows to help stimulate feed intake. Probiotics also help to maintain intestinal integrity and health.|
ISF Vitamin A, D, E
|ISF Vitamin A, D, E Pak provides optimum levels of Vitamins A, D, and E, ideal for open gilts one week before breeding and three weeks after breeding. It can also be added to sow feed from weaning until three weeks after breeding.|
|Hog Specific, Piglet Specifics|
300, 150, 50
|ISF Vitapac can be added to Hog Specific, Piglet Specific 300, 150, 50 rations when pigs are stressed due to weaning, transporting, summer heat or any stress that reduces feed intake. Vitapac is packed with B-vitamins to help boost appetites.|
ISF Vitamin E & Selenium
|ISF Vitamin E & Selenium can be added to Hog Specific, Sow Specific or Piglet Specifics to help improve the productivity of growing and finishing pigs, fertility of sows and boars, and help improve immune system in piglets. Both Vitamin E and Selenium are natural antioxidants that help protect cell membrane against oxidation.|
|ISF Biotin ideally would be added to Sow Specific. Most research on optimum levels of Biotin in sow diets have shown a reduction in foot problems and improvements in number of piglets weaned.|
The Neonatal Piglet
Temperature of the Farrowing Pen: Temperature in the creep area should be 34ºC the first week. The use of radiating heat lamps in a corner of the farrowing pen, or floor heating are typically used to maintain the temperature for the piglets while not increasing the temperature in the barn, which is not good for the sow. Monitoring temperature in the pen is critical for the survival of piglets. If temperature is lower, piglets will be shivering; therefore, spending their energetic reserves.
Colostrum: Colostrum is a source of protein, glucose and fat. It is also of the most importance that piglets suck colostrum to provide them with sources of energy. Colostrum also provides the piglet passive immunity from the sow, which provides the first line of defense that piglets have to fight disease. Be sure that all your piglets get colostrum the first 3 hours after birth.
Sows’ Milk Production
Milk production of sows depends on several factors including genetics, environment and feed. Excessive feeding to sows during pregnancy results in reductions in feed intake during lactation and subsequent reduction in milk production. Feed gestating (pregnant) sows to body condition. Not too fat and not too thin. After farrowing increase feed slowly for first week then full feed until weaning.
After oxygen, water is the most important nutrient for living organisms. Water is important for many physiological functions. Muscle contains 77% water, and sow’s milk contains 81% water. Thirsty animals reduce feed intake, thus reducing growth or milk production. Check if drinkers are working properly because some of them can be plugged by debris. Pigs need clean and fresh water to support their demands for growing, breeding, and milk production.
Needs of water:
Suckling pigs need water, in addition to the water they drink in milk. Suckling pigs drink 46 ml/day on average. Every crate should have one bowl, or cup or a nipple drinker for piglets. Providing a trough beside the feeder in the farrowing pen is good for lactating sows because it allows the sow to spend less time drinking. If nipples are used, they should be 10 cm higher than the back of the standing sow, and in an angle of 15º.
|Feed, Water, Temperature and Floor Space Allowance for Nursery Pigs|
|Feed Ration||Piglet Specific 300||Piglet Specific 150||Piglet Specific 50|
|Body Weight Range (kg)||5.0 – 10.0||10.0 – 15.0||15.0 – 25.0|
|Estimated Water Requirement (L/day)||0.7 – 1.2||1.8 – 2.4||3.3 – 3.8|
|Fully Slate (m2/piglet) / (sq/ft/piglet)||0.074 / 0.8||0.112 / 1.2||0.186 / 2.0|
|Partial Slats (m2/piglet) / (sq/ft/piglet)||0.084 / 0.9||0.126 / 1.35||0.205 / 2.2|
|Solid Bedding (m2/piglet) / (sq/ft/piglet)||0.093 / 1.0||0.140 / 1.5||0.233 / 2.5|
Feed is nearly 65% of direct cost of pig production. To produce good quality feed it is important to mix good quality ingredients. Corn, wheat and barley should be free of molds. Moldy and toxin contaminated grains reduce feed intake and weight gain.
Soybean meal (48% protein): Is the best and most used vegetable protein for swine. Many feed trials have been conducted with swine using soybean meal.
Full Fat Soybeans: Roaster or extruder full fat soybean are also good sources of protein and fat. Full fat soybean should be cooked to reduce anti-nutritional factors that impair digestibility of protein. Feeding developers and finisher over 10% full fat soybean can result in soft bacon that is not desirable to packers.
Breeding & Feeding the Gilt and Sow: Typically, it is best to breed the gilt the second or even the third estrus. Two weeks before breeding, increase feed consumption up to 3 kg/day. The day of mating, reduce feed intake to 2 kg/gilt/day. In the last 3 weeks before farrowing feed intake can be increased up to 2.5 kg/gilt/day. After farrowing, increase the feed intake gradually until day seven then feed sows to appetite. After weaning feed 3.0-3.5 kg/sow/day until mating, then reduce to 2-2.3 kg/sow/day for the first 30 days. After that, sows can be fed to maintain a good body condition.
|ISF Piglet Specific Usage Recommendations (1)|
|Weaning age (days)||17||21||28|
|Days on feed|
|ISF Piglet Specific|
|Pig Weight (kg)||Feeding Space Allowance|
(mm / inches)
|20||190 / 7.50|
|30||220 / 8.70|
|50||255 / 10.0|
|60||276 / 10.9|
|70||300 / 11.8|
|80||310 / 12.2|
|90||320 / 12.6|
|100||330 / 13.0|
|110||350 / 13.8|
|Feed, Water, Temperature and Floor Space Allowance for Growing, Developing and Finishing Pigs (1)|
|25 – 50||50 – 75||75 – 90||90 to Market|
|Estimated Water Intake (L/day)||5 – 6||6 – 7||7 – 8||8 – 9|
|Fully Slated (sq/ft/pig)||4.5||6.0||8.0||10.0|
|Partial Slat (sq/ft/pig)||5.0||6.5||9.0||11.0|
|Solid bedding (sq/ft/pig)||5.5||7.5||10.0||13.0|
|Feed (kg) and Water (litres) Allowance for Sows and Boars|
|Dry and Gestating Sows||Lactating Sows||Boars (100 – 350 kg BW)|
|Estimated Feed Intake (kg/day)||2.0 – 2.4||6 – 7||2.2 – 3.2|
|Water Allowance (l/kg live weight)a||0.10 – 0.15||0.15 – 0.20||0.10 – 0.15|
|Water Delivery Rate (l/min)b||1.0||1.5 – 2.0||1.5|
|Estimated Water Intake (l/day)||10 – 30||20 – 60||14 – 40|
ISF Swine Vitamin/Mineral Supplements are designed specifically for sows, nursery and growing pigs in all types of environmental conditions and housing choices. Producers can choose the product or combination of products desired to meet their production goals using their own home grown grains to round out the rations.